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Friday, 05 January, 2018

Quantum Hall Physics in 4D

Quantum physics

Illustration of a hypothetical device for studying the quantum Hall effect in 4D systems. Picture: LMU/MPQ

Illustration of a hypothetical device for studying the quantum Hall effect in 4D systems. Picture: LMU/MPQ

Prof Dr Immanuel Bloch, NIM scientist at LMU and Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, and his research group implement a dynamical version of the 4D quantum Hall effect with ultracold atoms in an optical superlattice potential.

In physics, the possibility that our universe comprises more than three spatial dimensions was first proposed in the wake of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity in the 1920s. Modern string theory – trying to reconcile Einstein’s ideas with the laws of quantum mechanics – even postulates up to 10 dimensions.

In a completely different context, an international team of researchers led by Professor Opens external link in new windowImmanuel Bloch, Chair of Quantum Optics at LMU Munich and Director at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, and Professor Oded Zilberberg, ETH Zürich, has now demonstrated a way to observe physical phenomena proposed to exist in higher-dimensional systems in analogous real-world experiments. Using ultracold atoms trapped in a periodically modulated two-dimensional superlattice potential, the scientists could observe a dynamical version of a novel type of quantum Hall effect that is predicted to occur in four-dimensional systems. Their results are presented in Opens external link in new windowNature.

Source: LMU Press Office


Further information: Opens external link in new windowwww.mpq.mpg.de/5596845/18_01_04

Publication:
Exploring 4D quantum Hall physics with a 2D topological charge pump.
Lohse M, Schweizer C, Price HM, Zilberberg O, Bloch I. Nature 2018 Jan 3;553(7686):55-58. doi: Opens external link in new window10.1038/nature25000.

Contact:
Prof Dr Immanuel Bloch
Experimental Physics Department
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Schellingstr. 4/II
80799 Munich
Germany

E-Mail: Opens window for sending emailImmanuel.Bloch(at)physik.uni-muenchen.de

Website: Opens external link in new windowwww.quantum-munich.de

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